Misc

https://pixabay.com/en/diamonds-eight-deck-playing-cards-884176/

  • The negative space in the eight of diamonds forms an 8.
  • William Brewster, leader of the Plymouth Colony, named his children Jonathan, Patience, Fear, Love, and Wrestling.
  • Wilfred Owen’s mother received the news of his death on Armistice Day.
  • SCHOOLMASTER = SMOTE SCHOLAR
  • “I never had any philosophic instruction, the first lecture on psychology I ever heard being the first I ever gave.” — William James

Tempting Fate

What remained of the Tenth [Massachusetts] departed from City Point, on the James River, on June 21 [1864], for the return to Springfield and Northampton. But before leaving Virginia, on June 20, Sgt. Maj. George F. Polley, who was originally in Brewster’s company and had just reenlisted, carved his name and the inscription ‘Killed June –, 1864’ on a piece of board torn from a cracker box. After participating in the ‘goodbye’ rituals with his comrades and sharing an awkward amusement with them about his carving, Polley was struck flush by an artillery shell and killed. In his diary, brigade member Elisha Hunt Rhodes recorded this incident in his matter-of-fact style. Polley ‘showed me a board on which he had carved his name, date of birth and had left a place for the date of his death,’ reported Rhodes. ‘I asked him if he expected to be killed and he said no, and that he had made his head board only for fun. To day he was killed by a shell from a Rebel Battery.’ The last act of the Tenth before boarding the mailboat for Washington, D.C., was to bury Polley.

— David W. Blight, When This Cruel War Is Over, 2009

Podcast Episode 232: The Indomitable Spirit of Douglas Bader

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Squadron_Leader_Douglas_Bader,_CO_of_No._242_Squadron,_seated_on_his_Hawker_Hurricane_at_Duxford,_September_1940._CH1406.jpg

Douglas Bader was beginning a promising career as a British fighter pilot when he lost both legs in a crash. But that didn’t stop him — he learned to use artificial legs and went on to become a top flying ace in World War II. In this week’s episode of the Futility Closet podcast we’ll review Bader’s inspiring story and the personal philosophy underlay it.

We’ll also revisit the year 536 and puzzle over the fate of a suitcase.

Intro:

In 1872 Celia Thaxter published an unsettling poem about an iceberg.

In 193 the Praetorian Guard auctioned off the Roman empire.

Sources for our story on Douglas Bader:

Paul Brickhill, Reach for the Sky, 1954.

S.P. Mackenzie, Bader’s War, 2008.

Andy Saunders, Bader’s Last Fight, 2007.

Joel Ralph, “Their Finest Hour,” Canada’s History 95:6 (December 2015/January 2016), 22-31.

Paul Laib, “Bader, Sir Douglas Robert Steuart,” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, May 19, 2011.

A.W.G. English, “Psychology of Limb Loss,” BMJ: British Medical Journal 299:6710 (Nov. 18, 1989), 1287.

“Obituary,” Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 130:5315 (October 1982), 750-751.

The Douglas Bader Foundation.

Neil Tweedie, “Tribute to a Very British Hero,” Daily Telegraph, Aug. 10, 2001, 10.

“Reaching for the Sky: Lady Bader Unveils Statue in Honour of Sir Douglas,” Birmingham Post, Aug. 10, 2001, 6.

“Who Really Shot Down Douglas Bader?” Daily Telegraph, Aug. 9, 2001, 23.

Arifa Akbar, “In Memory of a Legendary Hero,” [Darlington, UK] Northern Echo, Aug. 8, 2001, 8.

“Sir Douglas Bader, Legless RAF Ace Who Shot Down 22 German Planes,” Associated Press, Sept. 6, 1982, 1.

“Sir Douglas Bader, World War II Ace,” Associated Press, Sept. 5, 1982.

Herbert Mitgang, “He Fought Sitting Down,” New York Times, Nov. 17, 1957.

“Legless British Pilot to Aid Veterans Here,” New York Times, May 7, 1947.

“Legless Air Hero Enters British Title Golf Event,” New York Times, April 5, 1946.

“Legless RAF Ace Honored,” New York Times, Nov. 28, 1945.

“Bader, Legless RAF Flier, Freed by Yanks in Reich,” New York Times, April 19, 1945.

“Germans Recapture Flier Bader As He Tries Out Those New Legs; Bader Is Caught Trying to Escape,” New York Times, Sept. 29, 1941.

“Bader Gets New Artificial Leg, But Escape Attempt Fails,” [Washington D.C.] Evening Star, Sept. 29, 1941 A-4.

“Legless Pilot Honored; Bader, Now War Prisoner, Gets Bar to Flying Cross,” New York Times, Sept. 5, 1941.

“Epic of Bader’s Leg,” New York Times, Aug. 21, 1941.

“R.A.F., on Sweep, Drops Artificial Leg for Bader,” New York Times, Aug. 20, 1941.

“Bader Is Nazi Prisoner; Legless R.A.F. Ace Safe After Parachuting in France,” New York Times, Aug. 15, 1941.

“Bader, Legless R.A.F. Ace, Reported Missing,” New York Times, Aug. 13, 1941.

“Two British Air Force Aces, One Legless, Reported Missing,” [Washington D.C.] Evening Star, Aug. 12, 1941, A-18.

“10 Leading R.A.F. Aces Listed for Exploits,” New York Times, Jan. 10, 1941.

https://lv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Att%C4%93ls:Squadron_Leader_Douglas_Bader_(centre)_and_fellow_pilots_of_No._242_Squadron,_Flight_Lieutenant_Eric_Ball_and_Pilot_Officer_Willie_McKnight,_admire_the_nose_art_on_Bader%27s_Hawker_Hurricane_at_Duxford,_October_1940._CH1412.jpg

Bader with Flight Lieutenant Eric Ball and Pilot Officer Willie McKnight of No. 242 Squadron, Duxford, October 1940. Bader himself designed the squadron’s emblem, a boot kicking Hitler in the breeches.

Listener mail:

Wikipedia, “Settlement of Iceland” (accessed Jan. 4, 2019).

Wikipedia, “History of Iceland” (accessed Jan. 4, 2019).

Wikipedia, “Papar” (accessed Jan. 4, 2019).

Encyclopedia.com, “The Discovery and Settlement of Iceland” (accessed Jan. 4, 2019).

Neil Schlager, Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery, 2001.

Wikipedia, “Thule” (accessed Jan. 4, 2019).

Wikipedia, “(486958) 2014 MU69” (accessed Jan. 4, 2019).

NASA, “New Horizons Chooses Nickname for ‘Ultimate’ Flyby Target,” March 13, 2018.

“Is This the Reason Ireland Converted to Christianity?,” Smithsonian Channel, June 26, 2014.

Mike Wall, “How Halley’s Comet Is Linked to a Famine 1,500 Years Ago,” NBC News, Dec. 19 2013.

Colin Barras, “The Year of Darkness,” New Scientist 221:2952 (2014), 34-38.

This week’s lateral thinking puzzle was contributed by listener Jeff King.

You can listen using the player above, download this episode directly, or subscribe on Google Podcasts, on Apple Podcasts, or via the RSS feed at https://futilitycloset.libsyn.com/rss.

Please consider becoming a patron of Futility Closet — you can choose the amount you want to pledge, and we’ve set up some rewards to help thank you for your support. You can also make a one-time donation on the Support Us page of the Futility Closet website.

Many thanks to Doug Ross for the music in this episode.

If you have any questions or comments you can reach us at podcast@futilitycloset.com. Thanks for listening!

Podcast Episode 231: The Halifax Explosion

https://www.flickr.com/photos/torontohistory/37410142354/
Image: Flickr

In 1917, a munitions ship exploded in Halifax, Nova Scotia, devastating the city and shattering the lives of its citizens. In this week’s episode of the Futility Closet podcast we’ll follow the events of the disaster, the largest man-made explosion before Hiroshima, and the grim and heroic stories of its victims.

We’ll also consider the dangers of cactus plugging and puzzle over why a man would agree to be assassinated.

See full show notes …

An Army of Two

https://books.google.com/books?id=6GA9AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA9

Doubtful but interesting: In June 1814 two British warships marauded Scituate Harbor in Massachusetts, burning and capturing American vessels. Militia member Simeon Bates fired cannon shots after them from his lighthouse on Cedar Point. When a ship returned in September, only Bates’ wife and daughters were at the lighthouse, so 21-year-old Rebecca grabbed 17-year-old Abigail, took up a fife and drum that the militia stored there, ran behind a range of cedars, and played “Yankee Doodle” to suggest that the militia was returning. The British withdrew.

The story is supported only by the two sisters’ recollection, and Rebecca identified the ship as La Hogue, which turns out not to have been near Scituate at the time. “But Rebecca might have simply misidentified the ship, and she and her sister swore the story was true, even signing affidavits to that effect,” writes Eric Jay Dolin in Brilliant Beacons. “Many locals, siding with the two intrepid sisters, believed it too.”

(“Along the South Shore,” Harper’s New Monthly Magazine 337:57 [June 1878], 1-14.)

Podcast Episode 229: The Stone of Destiny

https://www.flickr.com/photos/mal-b/8787372608
Image: Flickr

In 1950, four patriotic Scots broke in to Westminster Abbey to steal the Stone of Scone, a symbol of Scottish independence that had lain there for 600 years. In this week’s episode of the Futility Closet podcast we’ll follow the memorable events of that evening and their meaning for the participants, their nation, and the United Kingdom.

We’ll also evade a death ray and puzzle over Santa’s correspondence.

See full show notes …

Podcast Episode 228: The Children’s Champion

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:251012_Janusz_Korczak_monument_at_Jewish_Cemetery_in_Warsaw_-_05.jpg
Image: Wikimedia Commons

Polish educator Janusz Korczak set out to remake the world just as it was falling apart. In the 1930s his Warsaw orphanage was an enlightened society run by the children themselves, but he struggled to keep that ideal alive as Europe descended into darkness. In this week’s episode of the Futility Closet podcast we’ll tell the story of the children’s champion and his sacrifices for the orphans he loved.

We’ll also visit an incoherent space station and puzzle over why one woman needs two cars.

See full show notes …

In a Word

I’ve mentioned this elsewhere, but I hadn’t realized the source was known: In 1844, British general Sir Charles Napier was criticized in Parliament for his ruthless campaign to take the Indian province of Sind. On hearing this, 16-year-old schoolgirl Catherine Winkworth “remarked to her teacher that Napier’s despatch to the Governor General of India, after capturing Sind, should have been Peccavi (Latin for ‘I have sinned’).”

She sent this immortal pun to Punch, which unfortunately printed it as a factual report:

https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:18440518-Peccavi_Punch.jpg

This mangled its meaning and credited Napier. Winkworth’s authorship was discovered only by later literary sleuths.

Podcast Episode 227: The Christmas Tree Ship

herman schuenemann

In the late 1800s Chicago families bought their Christmas trees from the decks of schooners that had ferried them across Lake Michigan. In this week’s episode of the Futility Closet podcast we’ll meet Herman Schuenemann, known as “Captain Santa,” who brought Christmas to the city for 30 years until a fateful storm overtook him.

We’ll also peruse some possums and puzzle over a darkening phone.

See full show notes …

“The Eagle Map of the United States”

https://books.google.com/books?id=HX0mAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA449

A truly ‘spread eagle map’ is found in a small book of 1833, entitled, ‘Rudiments of Knowledge,’ by Joseph Churchman. This eagle map is explained very geographically. The United States and territories are represented under the figure of an eagle; the States of New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, and a part of New York being chiefly included in the head and beak — the remainder of New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, principally embraced in the neck — the outline of coast, from Cape Henlopen to South Carolina inclusive, making the turn and formation of the breast, Florida representing the legs — the Arkansas territory, including the land occupied by the Cherokees to the Spanish line, forming the tail — the northern line of the United States, through lakes Ontario and Erie to Detroit, describing the back — the wings raised and the outline of them curving with the line of the United States through lakes St. Clair, Huron and Superior, and spread and extended to overshadow a large part of the Missouri territory.

— P. Lee Phillips, “Some Peculiar Maps,” Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, August 1918