The Five Laws of Library Science, proposed by University of Madras librarian S.R. Ranganathan in 1931:
- Books are for use.
- Every person his or her book.
- Every book its reader.
- Save the time of the reader.
- Library is a growing organism.
In 1998 Michael Gorman, past president of the American Library Association, added five modern tenets:
- Libraries serve humanity.
- Respect all forms by which knowledge is communicated.
- Use technology intelligently to enhance service.
- Protect free access to knowledge.
- Honor the past and create the future.
“If you have a garden and a library,” wrote Cicero, “you have everything you need.”